Trauma is a negative and distressing response to internal or external events.
Trauma can can occur at any stage in life and is characterised by significant and noticeable changes in an individuals psychological, emotional, behavioural and psycho-social makeup.
Both acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) trauma, if left untreated, have the potential to lead to the formation of;
- Personality disorders (NPD, BPD, ASPD)
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
- Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Mood, sleep and eating disorders
- Drug, alcohol, sex, shopping and gambling addictions
- Anger, aggression and violence
- Attachment and trust issues,
- Unstable and unhealthy relationships
- Much more.